I am an Assistant Professor of English in Arizona State's faculty of Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication. My current research project focuses on the rhetoric of transhumanism, but I am broadly interested in the reshaping of rhetoric, discourse, and identity in the face of digital technologies. My research and pedagogical work touches on facets of digital rhetoric, digital humanities, emerging media, and technical communications.
Book In Progress
My current book project explores the rhetoric of the transhumanism movement with regards specifically to its Utopian content.
Book In Progress
Transhumanism: Evolutionary Futurism, Technical Rhetoric, and Digital Utopia
This project develops the rhetorical mode of “evolutionary futurism” and the rhetoric of the transhumanist movement. While transhumanism is usually dismissed by scholars of rhetoric, technology, and culture as a fringe movement with limited scope, my project instead argues that “transhumanism” is a name for a much more pervasive rhetorical mode that considers technology as a vector for evolutionary change operating on society, consciousness, and biology. I call this rhetorical mode “evolutionary futurism,” and, in tracing this formation throughout 20th and 21st century culture, I suggest that transhumanism, rather than a fringe movement of renegade scientists and philosophers, is actually a postmodern form of Utopia in line with Fredric Jameson’s discussion of the concept in Postmodernism.
My book then traces the rhetorical, Utopian mode I call “evolutionary futurism” through a number of important moments in the 20th and 21st centuries.
- The relationship between theosophy and evolutionary biology in the 1920s and 30s. This connection suggests that more than just a theory of genetic evolution, transhumanism authors a theory of cognitive and spiritual evolution.
- The role of evolutionary futurism in the “superman” boom of American science fiction during the 1930s and 40s. From these tales of genetic supermen, I discuss how writers of this period, including AE van Vogt and Isaac Asimov, inspired a host of utopian communities dedicated to the evolution of human consciousness.
- The shape of the contemporary transhumanist movement, as exemplified by Raymond Kurzweil, technologist and author of The Singularity is Near. This chapter specifically considers the relationship between Kurzweil’s singularitarian philosophy and Ayn Rand’s objectivism. In doing so, I highlight the selfishness problem present in contemporary evolutionary futurism.
- The importance of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, the paleontologist and Jesuit theologian who first coined the term “transhumanism,” as a thinker of contemporary Utopia. In Teilhard’s transhumanism, the suffering of a “cosmic Christ” becomes the model for individuals’ struggle, on behalf of all mankind, with evolutionary advancement.
- The role of aesthetics in actualizing contemporary transhumanism. This chapter considers both “high” and “low” online art, in the form of The New Aesthetic and meme culture, as tools designed to visualize and focus an emerging cosmic consciousness.
My goals in teaching classes in both rhetoric and literature are intimately connected with my research interests.
"His dream was not so much to give a lecture to humans as to provide a program for pure computers."—Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus
My goals in teaching classes in both rhetoric and literature are intimately connected with my research interests. In my dissertation, I write about "transhumanism," a discursive community aimed at grappling with humans as objects of ongoing evolutionary processes. Often, these evolutionary processes have, specifically, to do with the evolutionary pressures exerted by new and emerging, digital technologies. As such, my motivation as a teacher is to better equip my students to deal with these pressures. Overall, I view my teaching as a chance to direct students in ways of living in a digital media ecology and preparing them for a future of ongoing, accelerating technological change.
This goal expresses itself differently, depending on the class being taught. For instance, in teaching Technical Communication, which I have done four times so far, I made an interesting discovery regarding my students and their attitudes towards writing. In conducting classroom discussion, I found that, thanks to Penn State’s various internship and co-op programs, my students mostly had experience writing in a professional, scientific capacity. What they lacked, however, was basic knowledge of digital document production. As such, I've retooled my teaching of this subject to focus on combining content production and document design. In this fashion, students spend as much time focusing on how they write as on what they write. The class includes assignments in both report writing and webpage design. I find that students benefit more from this approach, as they can leave my course with marketable, new media skills in addition to a better understanding of the rhetorical stakes of technical writing. More importantly, I stress the importance of developing digital problem solving strategies, rather than specific tool use, so that students in my classes can be better prepared for a changing, evolving digital workplace.
My teaching of science fiction, which is a new experience for me, affords another opportunity for dealing pedagogically with the tenants of transhumanism. Where the technical communications classroom becomes a workshop for applied transhumanism, I view the science fiction classroom as focusing on the philosophical implications of this discourse. By focusing on close analysis of various texts that grapple with the nature of a radically altered future, I attempt to direct students toward thinking seriously about the ethical, moral, and philosophical issues raised by the rapid technological change experienced by the United States following World War II (which corresponds to the high point of American SF). Additionally, as many of these processes of change and acceleration are ongoing (especially with regards to emerging Internet technologies and mobile computing), I view science fiction pedagogy as an opportunity to raise my students' awareness that the issues raised in SF are, increasingly, being raised in their lives and their futures.
In both of these cases, I find focusing on the ongoing evolution of the human condition, by viewing my pedagogy from a transhuman perspective, both personally rewarding and hugely beneficial to my students in the classroom and beyond. While also helping them learn the course material at hand, my transhuman perspective allows students to step out of the classroom and the university with highly valuable "take-away" skills that can be applied in their future lives as students and as professionals. As such, I look forward to continue to explore this perspective in new and exciting pedagogical environments.
View my CV.
Assistant Professor of English
School of Letters & Sciences
Interdisciplinary Humanities & Communications
Arizona State University
44 W. Monroe St. #2203, Phoenix, AZ 85003
PhD, English Pennsylvania State University, May 2011
Transhumanism: Evolutionary Logic, Rhetoric, and the Future
Committee: Richard Doyle (Director), Jeffrey Nealon, Mark Morrisson, Robert Yarber.
MA, English Pennsylvania State University , May 2007
BS, Computer Science Georgia Institute of Technology , May 2005
BS, Science Technology & Culture Georgia Institute of Technology , May 2005
Assistant Professor Arizona State University , 2012-Present
Fixed-Term Lecturer Pennsylvania State University , 2011-2012
Graduate Teaching Fellow Pennsylvania State University , 2005-2011
Current Book Project
Transhumanism: Evolutionary Futurism, Technical Rhetoric, and Digital Utopia
Six Chapter Manuscript, Completed—Book explores the rhetorical history of “evolutionary futurism,” a twentieth century Utopian rhetorical mode associating advancing telecommunications technologies with biological evolution to suggest near-future radical shifts in human existence and cognition. Tracing this rhetoric of transhumanism, chapters explore the evolutionary futurism of theosophy, 1940s science fiction, Raymond Kurzweil, and Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. In addition to a theoretical introduction, the book also contains an extended discussion of contemporary digital aesthetics as transhuman vectors of evolutionary overcoming.
- “Fan Utopias and Self-Help Supermen: Political Utopianism in WWII-era SF.” Forthcoming in Science Fiction Studies.
- “Review of MP3: The Meaning of a Format by Jonathan Sterne.” Information Society 29.5 (2013): 316-317.
- “Review of Slime Dynamics by Ben Woodard.” Itineration, 2013.
- Review uses an exploratory hypertext framework to rethink the possibilities of the book review.
- “A Review of The Breakup 2.0 by Illana Gershon.” Information Society 28.2 (2012): 126-127.
- “Contagious Narratives: Towards a Global Epidemiology in Priscilla Wald's Contagious.” Review Of Contagious: Cultures, Carriers, and the Outbreak Narrative by Priscilla Wald. BioSocieties 4.2-3 (2009): 326-328.
- “Posthuman, Nonhuman, Inhuman: Toward An Eldritch Rhetoric” 16th Biennial RSA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 2014 (accepted).
- “How Did I Get Here?: GPS, Surveillance Culture, and Personal Narrative” The Conference on College Composition and Communication, Indianapolis, IN, 2014 (accepted).
- “Shooting at Agency” Western States Rhetoric and Literacy Conference 2013, Salt Lake City, UT, 2013.
- “‘I am afraid of a draught of cool air’: Lovecraft, Air Conditioning, and Autophagic Modernity” The Society For Literature, Science, and the Arts 2013 Conference, South Bend, IN, 2013.
- “Thinking Different: Primitive Accumulation, Cognitive Economies, and the Quest for a More Perfect Mind” 15th Biennial RSA Conference, Philadelphia, PA, 2012.
- “Becoming Object: Facebook, Life Writing, and Tool-Being” The Conference on College Composition and Communication, St. Louis, MA, 2012.
- “As Study or As Paradigm?: Humanities and the Uptake of Emerging Technologies,” 127th MLA Annual Convention, Seattle, WA, 2012.
- “Remixing ‘Technical Communication’: Design, Techné, and the Production of Documents,” The Conference on College Composition and Communication, Louisville, KY, 2010.
- “He Called It ‘Utopia’: Jameson's Social and Vedic Transhumanism,” The Society For Literature, Science, and the Arts 2009 Conference, Atlanta, GA, 2009.
- “Utopia.com: Fredric Jameson and Piracy Online,” The Society For Literature, Science, and the Arts 2007 Conference, Portland, ME, 2007.
- “Revising Tomorrow: the Historical Present, Telecommunications, and Capitalism in Nova and Neuromancer,” Samuel Delany: A Critical Symposium, University at Buffalo (State University of New York), 2006.
Open Source Software
- The Goldilocks Approach SASS, Manager and Lead Programmer. Open source port of The Goldilocks Approach (a CSS responsive design framework) to SASS (a CSS preprocessor used throughout the web development industry).
Awards & Grants
- Wilma Ebbitt Graduate Award in Rhetorical Studies, 2010. (Penn State)
- Philip Young Memorial Endowment in American Literature, 2006. (Penn State)
Teaching Experience (22 Sections; 9 Courses; 818 Students)
Arizona State University (6 Sections; 5 Courses; 174 Students; 5 Online Sections)
- Frankenstein and His World (1 Section; 30 Students; Online Course) – In this course, students will read Mary Shelley's Frankenstein in conversation with the texts that both influenced it and were influenced by the novel. Students also complete projects and papers on this cultural legacy.
- Major American Novels (1 Section; 24 Students) – Course covering major works of the American novel. Additionally, students will complete assignments deploying thematic, stylometric, and mapping-based approaches to the study of literature in a project-oriented exploration American literary history.
- H.P. Lovecraft: Style, Science, Myth (1 Section; 30 Students; Online Course) – In this course on the horror fiction of H.P. Lovecraft, students use digital humanities methods to complete projects dealing with Lovecraft's unique style, interest in science, and contemporary mythology.
- Introduction to Contemporary Fiction (2 Section; 60 Students; Online Course) – Course introduces students to the current state of American fiction by focusing on novels published by living authors within the last three years.
- Popular Cultural Issues: Apocalypse Now? (1 Section; 30 Students; Online Course) – Course asks students to think critically about the continuing popularity of post-apocalyptic and end-of-the-world narratives in contemporary literature, film, and television.
Pennsylvania State University (16 Sections; 5 Courses; 644 Students)
- Rhetoric & Composition (6 Sections; 144 Students) – This first-year composition option at Penn State introduces students to college writing, critical thinking, and basic rhetorical theory.
- Effective Writing: Technical Writing (7 Sections; 168 Students) – Advanced composition class for students in science and engineering fields. Focus on document design, readability, and technologies of communication.
- Effective Writing: Business Writing (2 Sections; 48 Students) – Advanced composition class for students in business fields. Focus on effective and ethical communication, document design, and branding.
- Science Fiction (2 Sections; 200 Students) – Course focusing on the history of science fiction in the 20th and 21st centuries. This large lecture class, composed mostly of non-majors, highlights the ongoing relationships between science, literature, and imagined futures.
- Introduction to Critical Reading (1 Section; 24 Students) – Introductory class focusing on research methods and critical approaches within the English major. Specifically, instruction focused on media theory and critical appraisal of cultural texts.
For National Organizations
Program Committee Member, The Society For Literature, Science, and the Arts Conference, 2013.
For Arizona State University
Digital Humanities Initiative Working Group Member, Institute for Humanities Research, 2013 – Created purpose document inaugurating an interdisciplinary research and pedagogy initiative for digital humanities.
Peer Promotion Committee Chair, Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communications, 2012 – Reviewed materials for colleagues seeking promotion.
- Computer Programming – Thorough knowledge of multiple computer programming languages such as C, Java, Ruby, PERL, and LISP. Significant experience in building websites using advanced technologies such as PHP, MySQL, Ruby on Rails, and Apache.
- The Modern Language Association
- Rhetoric Society of America
- The Society for Literature, Science, and the Arts
References Available Upon Request
Other Places to Find Me Online
Fan Utopias and Self-Help Supermen
Forthcoming in Science Fiction Studies
Drawn from my current book, this article suggests that superman fiction, often dismissed as fascist and naive, had certain interesting political ramifications during the late 1930s and early 1940s.
Fan Utopias and Self-Help Supermen: Utopianism in WWII-era SF
Forthcoming in Science Fiction Studies
This article draws on research conducted for my current book project on transhumanism, and explores the relationship between fans and pro writers during the late 1930s and early 1940s. This period, which I call the “superman boom,” was a transitional one for both fandom and the culture of professional writers. As an autonomous fan culture began to articulate itself, John W. Campbell’s rise as the editor of Astounding also gave shape to the idea that SF could be taken seriously as an artform. This superman boom, an almost endless stream of stories and novels varying the themes of a genetically superior but persecuted elite taken from A.E. van Vogt’s hugely popular 1939 novel Slan, suggested a number of interesting political engagements, including early involvement by SF writers in Alfred Korzybski’s General Semantics program and the creation of a number of fan-organized Utopian communities. These movements, oddly, coincide with the dawn of World War II and borrow heavily from the fascist rhetoric of America’s enemies, culminating in fan Claude Degler labelling, in all seriousness, this period as the moment of “fanationalism.” Inevitably, the ethical tensions this association with Nazism provoked proved unsustainable, but the also point toward the potent moment of emergence for what we now recognize as SF fan culture.
Article In Progress
Geocomposition: Grounding Writing
In the age of posthuman rhetoric—concerned with objects and animals, what role does the mineral play in composition?
Article In Progress
Geocomposition: Grounding Writing
Target Journal: Philosophy & Rhetoric
On a trip to Tucson, I drove by a slag heap from a copper mine. Green from oxidation, the mineral byproducts stood in testament to the rewriting of geos by bios, as described by Vladimir Vernadsky. Realizing I wanted to know more about this mine, I pulled out my smart phone to check the GPS. As the eletrons in my phone moved along copper lines, I realized I was completing a circuit: the product of copper mining mapping the byproduct. In this way, I argue, the mineral plays an active, though simulataneously passive and silent, role in the composition process. Using the emerging, post-Deleuzian field of “geophilosophy,” this article explores the intersection of writing and the mineral.
Review of Slime Dynamics
Published in Itineration
Read about my use of podcasting in the humanities classroom ...
I have been recently using podcasting in online classes at ASU for some of my English literature and digital humanities classes. This technology facilitates an engaged discussion forum within the context of an asynchronous classroom format.
You can view an archive of on of my recent class's podcasts by clicking here.
This course explores the cultural context of and future cultural uses for Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
ENG 337: Major American Novels
In this class, we will be reading and considering a number of the most important or most critically lauded moments in the development of the American novel.
Some resources I've used in past courses.
Classroom Resources Gallery
- Technical Communications Syllabus (PDF)
Class for a recent technical communications course to be taught at Penn State. This class continues the work that can be seen in the web class linked on the web gallery . The class stresses the role that form and content both play in the process of communication. Moreover, assignments that include the use of Powerpoint and in-depth exploration of design features in MS Word, reveal to students the fact that both form and content have specific rhetorical tropes and figures that they must master to become successful technical communicators.
- Business Communications Syllabus (PDF)
This syllabus is for a proposed business communications class. It is designed to get students thinking about the relationship between written communication, online media, and identity. Students will face a number of multimodal assignments, including a semester-long assignment in which they engage in hands-on exploration of various social media technologies as a means of exploring the ways in which media help shape our rhetorical possibilities.
- ENGL 202C Spring 2009 Homepage
A class website for a section of ENGL 202C (technical writing) taught at Penn State in Spring 2009. This particular class was part of a pilot project that explored the use of blogs in the composition classroom. Students were asked to blog three times a week and submit their assignments on their personal blogs.
- English Composition Wiki Homepage
As an instructor in the first year composition program in Penn State's English Department , I was able to take part in a pilot program exploring the use of wikis in the freshman composition program. In the early days of such technology's adoption online, we were able to experiment with the affordances of the technology and the possibilities that exist for creating a community of writers in first year writing classrooms.
- Technical Communications Design Slides (PPT)
This is a set of slides designed to teach basic design principles to non-designers. I find, in teaching business and technical communications, that students often need to understand the rhetorical principles of form as much as they need to understand the rhetorical principles of the words they write. These slides are intended to begin a semester-long conversation about design and form.
- Business Communication Presentation Style Slides (Google Docs)
These slides, created in Google Documents are intended to teach students about the various possibilities for conveying meaning through Powerpoint. The goal of these slides is to show students how to create effective slide presentations using both principles of form and content.
About This Site
Software used in development.
About This Site
The site was designed and coded by Andrew Pilsch.
How Did I Get Here?
Presentation for CCCC 2014 about GPS and life writing.
How Did I Get Here?: GPS, Surveillance Culture, and Personal Narrative
Presentation At: The Conference on College Composition and Communication, Indianapolis, IN, 2014
In this paper, I analyze the emerging possibilities for GPS enabled devices to “write” a different kind of personal narrative. While Scot Barnett has pushed toward thinking about GPS as an adjunct writing tool, and while many scholars, including Nedra Reynolds, Christopher J. Keller, and Christian R. Weisser have asked us to think about the spaces in which writing occur, this presentation radicalizes these ideas by suggesting that with GPS data streams, students can experience a kind of posthuman automatic writing drawn from their everyday experiences of space. Where Barnett, following dominant composition theories of space that focus on exception, highlights GPS as a means of accessing a specific space, this presentation suggests that juxtaposing the intentionally composed, carefully crafted genre of the personal narrative with an accidental account of that same life space/time is the truly productive path of engagement. Following James Bridle, artist and founder of The New Aesthetic, who first thought to download his phone’s GPS tracking data and feed it into Google’s Maps API, I suggest that this unintentional life writing, in which the students use the data streams that passively track them through their whole lives, proves a more productive engagement with emerging technologies of writing, emerging cultures of surveillance, and emerging understandings of authorship.
'I am afraid of a draught of cool air'
Presentation for SLSA 13 on Lovecraft and Air-conditioning.
'I am afraid of a draught of cool air': Lovecraft, Air Conditioning, and Autophagic Modernity
Presentation At: The Society For Literature, Science, and the Arts 2013 Conference, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN, 2013
In this paper, I use H.P. Lovecraft’s 1926 story about air conditioning and its abilities to unnaturally extend the life of a mad scientist as a conceptual image giving access to what I call “autophagic modernity.” In Lovecraft’s story, the character of Dr. Muñoz uses an early ammonia-based, gasoline-powered absorption refrigerator to prevent the rapid decay of his long-dead and chemically preserved body. When he runs out of ammonia in the middle of the night, his neighbor discovers all that remains of him: a puddle of ooze. In this paper, I use this plot as a microcosmic focus on our unsustainable relationship with cooling. Americans, who use more electricity on air conditioning than the continent of Africa uses for all purposes, are in an analogous position: sustained by coolant and petroleum while stocks of these chemicals are rapidly depleting. This condition of general collapse is, I argue, indicative of the essential character of our cultural moment: what I label as autophagic modernity. In this era, the technologies that make modernity possible—technologies such as fossil fuels, antibiotics, and factory farming—are beginning to break down in a way that specifically consumes modernity’s users. By introducing this concept through Lovecraft, I conclude by highlighting that the majority of his fiction can, in fact, be read, like “Cool Air,” as anticipating this current crisis.
Posthuman, Nonhuman, Inhuman
Posthuman, Nonhuman, Inhuman: Toward An Eldritch Rhetoric
Presentation At: 16th Biennial RSA Conference, San Antonio, TX, 2014
What is the rhetorical agency of the nonhuman? Following work by Thomas Rickert, Scot Barnett, Nathaniel Rivers, and others, this question and the philosophers exploring the status of the object (Bruno Latour, Jane Bennett, and Graham Harman) are increasingly central to a theoretical approach to rhetoric. This object-oriented rhetoric crystalizes the disparate work broadly conceived of as “posthuman rhetoric” by gesturing toward a general nonhuman rhetoric. However, this paper intervenes by suggesting that this posthuman approach still privileges the human as central to persuasion by merely manufacturing the nonhuman as enabling human agency. This paper argues that contemporary reality reveals an alternate theory of persuasion: the inhuman. Drawn from the weird fiction of H.P. Lovecraft, the inhuman—malevolent, extra-human, agential objects—constitutes a proper approach to a nonhuman rhetoric. While rhetoricians talk of nonhuman rhetorical agency in terms of distributions or agglomerations of human agency, the inhuman—entities such as corporations, climates, and diseases—constitutes a truly nonhuman rhetorical agency on equal footing with the human.
Shooting at Agency
Presentation for WSRL 13 that explores rhetorical agency and gunfire.
Shooting at Agency
Presentation At: Western States Rhetoric and Literacy Conference 2013, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 2013
In considering the influence of non-living matter on rhetorical agency, rhetoric and composition scholarship has been fairly effective at capturing potential agential deflections, but only when applied to certain, special, privileged objects. For instance, Roxanne Mountford’s concept of “rhetorical space,” suggests an agential quality to certain, ethos-laden spaces (war memorials, church pulpits, etc.). Similarly, the rich discourse on posthuman composition suggests that digital telecommunication devices such as computers and cell phones dissolve human agency. In both cases, however, the objects that deflect our agency are privileged objects, special categories of stuff that have been granted a place at the rhetorical table. In this paper, however, I borrow a concept from Bruno Latour’s philosophy of technology that defines all matter as exerting a “swerve” on agency. In analyzing the infamous NRA slogan, “Guns Don’t Kill People, People Kill People,” Latour makes the case that the agency of neither gun nor person is particularly clear in a shooting. I extend Latour’s analysis by coupling it with insights into rhetoric made possible by philosophical advances in the field of object-oriented ontology.